HOW MUCH DOES A LOG HOME COST?
by Mercedes Hayes, Jersey Log Homes
"How Much Does a Log Home Cost?" is the single most asked question in the industry, and also the most difficult one to answer. The customers aren't the only ones who are frustrated; dealers and manufacturers are fully aware that not giving an easy answer could lose a sale. However, in reality the answer is "That Depends", and the sooner the homeowners accept this statement the sooner they can start looking in the right place.
WHAT DO I MEAN BY THE RIGHT PLACE? Like everyone else, my husband and I started our search by oohing and aahing at the majestic, multi-faceted homes with numerous peaks in the roof, giant trusses, huge windows, and big logs. What we didn't realize right away is that every one of our favorite log homes were hand-crafted, and so far out of our price range that we might as well have been shopping for a castle.
The first thing you need to do is distinguish between a handcrafted log home and a milled log home. Handcrafted log homes will cost anywhere from 2-4 times as much per square foot as a milled log home, when you take into consideration the size of the logs and the intense labor required from the first day the logs are selected. If the logs are not evenly sized, you know right away you are looking at a handcrafted home.
MILLED LOG HOMES: If you select a handcrafted log home, you don't need to be reading this article! For the rest of us, there are other basic factors to consider if you are looking at price: log diameter, log species, and log corners. The smaller the diameter, the less expensive the logs. Of course, there is a trade-off. If you are building in a warmer climate, 4-6" diameters are just fine. If you live in an area where the average winter temperature is 0-20 degrees, you will want at least an 8" diameter. If your temperatures are sub-zero, the logs should probably be no less than 12" (these get expensive). Anything bigger, you are probably looking at a handcrafted home anyway.
Most log homes are built from pine. Cedar is an upgrade (figure 20% or more). Any other species can be more expensive yet. Log corners are the distinguishing feature of your home, and some are more expensive than others. A butt-and-pass corner (where you see a gap every other log) is the standard and probably the most economical.
LOG PACKAGES. After you have decided on the corner system, you'll find that every company quotes their logs differently. To get a real apples-to-apples comparison, you must ask for a quote on the logs ONLY. And remember that the logs constitute 1/4 to 1/5 the cost of the eventual house. I think you're going to find that within the same size, species and corner system, the basic costs will not vary all that much from one manufacturer to another... not including shipping, of course.
Many companies quote on a Weathered-in Shell, which means all the components for a weather tight house: logs, windows, roof sheathing, doors. It's tempting to get this kind of quote, but remember that you may be paying thousands of extra dollars to ship generic lumber across the country. And when the extra stuff is delivered, it's up to you to store it all safe and dry on site. If your contractor buys the lumber locally, you can get it delivered when you need it, rather than months ahead of time.
ROOF SYSTEM. The more complicated the roof lines, the more expensive the house. If you like lots of peaks and valleys, these will all be hand-constructed. Labor will be the biggest cost in your home.
IT'S A CUSTOM HOME. Once you get past erection of the log walls, you're going to discover that your log home is not a whole lot different from any other custom home. The roof materials are the same, the heating systems are the same, the windows are basically the same. Most of your decisions are on the inside of the house: stock kitchen vs. custom cabinets, granite vs. Formica, wood floors vs. carpeting, tongue-and-groove vs. sheetrock, antler chandelier vs. wagon wheel... here's where the wild differences in price can add up. It's a custom home, remember, and the choices are up to you. In the mid-Atlantic states, the square foot price of a custom framed house and a custom log home will be pretty equivalent. When looked at from that point of view, the whole pricing equation starts to make more sense.
BOTTOM LINE: This is where we all get into trouble. There's no agreement as to a budgeting price, because local costs vary so much. In 2001, when I started designing my home, the magazines said to budget $150 per square foot. I thought this was outrageous, but in the end, we spent about $157 per square foot for a saddle-notched home with 8" pine logs and some upgrades, so I'm glad I paid attention. By now, I think it's closer to $200 in the Northeast. If you start there, you'll at least be in the ballpark.
About the author: Mercedes Hayes is a Realtor in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. She is a regular contributor to Log Home Living magazine. You can learn more about log homes by visiting www.JerseyLogHomes.com.
© 2006 Mercedes Hayes
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